IMPACT OF FLEXICURITY POLICIES ON THE ROMANIAN LABOR MARKET
Along with joining the EU and with the desire to be compatible with the European labor market, ﬂexicurity begins to penetrate gradually the Romanian labor market, becoming a topical concept, an economic and social recovery tool. In the simplest possible way, ﬂexicurity can be defined as the compromise between ﬂexibility and work safety. The ﬂexicurity principle was born as a solution to the European dilemma: how to increase the competitiveness of European enterprises in global competition without sacrificing the European social model.
Although a gradual passage is attempted, the tradition of a profession inherited from one generation to another or a stable job still exists in the human resource mentality, but it no longer exists in the present society. The concept of ﬂexicurity is relatively new, introduced in Europe in 2006, when the principles of ﬂexicurity were developed, but they were implemented according to the economic specificity of each EU member state.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the eﬀects that EU accession has had on the Romanian labor market and the subsequent steps to harmonize Romania with the European Union requirements from the point of view of human resources management, ﬂexicurity at the labor market.
In Romania, the ﬂexicurity balance is balanced, in the sense that the trade unions support a broader level of security, and the employers tend to a greater degree of ﬂexibility.
In conclusion, the Romanian labor market to develop a high degree of ﬂexicurity must aim at increasing employment and reducing long-term unemployment, promoting workplace security and reducing the rigidity of labor law, especially in case of voluntary dissolution of firms, or of collective redundancies. In addition, the ﬂexibility of collective and individual work contracts is also sought.
 Badulescu, A., Occupation and unemployment: between theoretical approaches and contemporary realities, Publisher University of Oradea, Oradea, (2006).
 Becker, S. G., Human capital, Publisher All, Bucharest (2000).
 Biagi, F., Lucifora, C., Demographic and education eﬀects on uemployment in Europe, Labour Economics, (2007).
 Blaga, E., Employment and training policies - a comparative approach of the Romanian system with the most relevant models in Europe, Social Assistance Magazine no. 3-4, (2005).
 Blaga, E., Active measures on the labor market, Publisher Didactica si Pedagogica, Bucharest, Publisher Didactica si Pedagogica, Bucharest, (2010).
 Boccard, N., Van Ypersele, T., Wunsch, P., Comparative advantage and social protection, European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 19. (2003).
 Constantinescu, N., Problems of the transition to the economy market in Romania, Publisher Fundatia Romania de Maine, Bucharest, (2000).
 Dickens, E., Unemployment. Encyclopedia of Social Problems, SAGE Publications, Londra, (2008).
 Godwin, C. N., Social security mechanisms: theories, design and practice, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxemburg, (2008).
 Grigorescu, A., Regional Analyses of the Education System in Romania, (2011).
 Jula, D., Jula N. M., Economic forecast, Publisher Mustang, Bucharest, (2012).
 Kardos, M., The employment trend and the unemployment problem in the Romanian economy, Study University Petru Maior Series Economica, Fasciculus 1, vol. IV, (2010).
[14.] Lefresne, F., A comparative overview of unemployment benefit: striving to provide security for employees in their career paths, ETUI, Brussells, (2010).
 Maurice de Montmollin, Ergonomics Vocabulary, Publisher Octares, Toulouse, (1995).
 Maganaris E., Grigorescu D.R., Flexicurity in UK and Romania, International Conference “Global Economy & Governance” - GEG 2014, September 10-12th, 2014, Bucharest, Romania, organised by National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, Wuhan University (China), Romanian Academy – Institute for Economic Forecast, National Taiwan University (Taiwan), Ming Chuan University (Taiwan), CD Proceedings, (2014).
Maganaris E., Grigorescu D.R., Te Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Labour Law Reforms in Greece and Romania, Journal Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series, Volume (Year): XII (2012), Issue (Month): 3 (December), pp. 3-8, (2012).
Pavoni, N., An optimal unemployment compensation, Journal of Monetary Economics, no. 54, (2007).
Socol, C., Marinas, M., Socol, A.G., The state impact on the labor market. Diﬀerences in European submodels, Teoretical and Applied Economics, Volume XVII no. 8, (2010).
Tangian Andranik, S., Flexibility – Flexicurity – Flexinsurance, WSI - Diskussionspapier, (2007).
[21Ticlea, A., Flexicurity - a current concept, Publisher Humanitas, Bucharest, (2007).
Zlate, M., Tratat de Psihologie Organizational-Manageriala, Vol. I, no. 2/2001, Publisher Polirom, (2004).
Towards common principles of ﬂexicurity: More and better jobs through ﬂexibility and security, European Commission. Directorate-General for Employment, Social Aﬀairs and Equal Opportunities, (07.2007).
Mission for Flexicurity, European Commission. Employment, Social Aﬀairs and Equal Opportunities, Bruxelles, (02.2008).
OECD: Live longer, work longer (2006).
OCDE: Employment Outlook (2007).
European Social and Employment Policies, Special Eurobarometer 261, (10.2006).
Flexicurity Report, National Observatory of Occupation and Vocational Training (09.2007).
Research report on the social economy in Romania from a comparative European perspective, MMFPS, Bucharest, (2010).
National Strategic Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion, MMFPS, Bucharest, (2008-2010).
Report Ministry of Labor, Family and Equal Opportunities. Flexicurity, Evolution of European Employment Policy, National Observatory of Occupation and Vocational Training, Bucharest, (2007).
Eurostat – European Commission Homepage, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat, last accessed 2018/05/29.
Human Righits – European Union Homepage, https://europa.eu/european-union/topics/human-rights_ro, last accessed 2018/05/29.
National Agency for Employment Homepage, http://www.anofm.ro/, last accessed 2018/05/30.
National Institute of Statistics Homepage, http://www.insse.ro/, last accessed 2018/05/29.
Te Labour Code updated in 2016 (the Law no.53/2003); updated with the Law 12/2015 (published in Romanian Official Monitor no.52/22 January 2015) and the Law 97/2015 (published in Romanian Official Monitor no.316/8 may 2015).
Muﬀels, R., Wilthagen, T., (2013), Flexicuirty: a New Paradigm for the Analysis of Labour Market and Policies Challenging the Trade-Oﬀ Between Flexibility and Security, Sociology Compass.